Anarchism And The Platformist Tradition
Platformism is a current within libertarian communism putting forward specific suggestions on the nature which anarchist organzation should take.
The origins of the Platform lie in the Russian anarchist movement's experiences during the Russian Revolution and the resulting civil war. One group of anarchist exiles (Dielo Trouda/Workers' Cause Group) came together in 1926 and published The Organizational Platform of the Libertarian Communists, since known as 'The Platform'. They wrote the pamphlet to examine why the anarchist movement had failed to build on their successes before and during the revolution.
The Platform was an analysis of the disorganization of the anarchist movement at the time, and was an attempt to push it in a more organized, class struggle direction. The Platform was not an attempt at writing an anarchist manifesto. It was a discussion document and the authors never claimed to have all the answers.
The Platform was written because of what was going on in the international anarchist movement at that time. However, it remains relevant today in its insights on how libertarian communists should organize.
The Platform argues that to create a well organized libertarian communist movement, we need a "grouping of revolutionary worker and peasant forces on a libertarian communist theoretical basis (a specifically libertarian communist organization)" and "regrouping revolutionary workers and peasants on an economic base of production and consumption (revolutionary workers and peasants organized around production)".
Though they provided no extra insights on organizing around production, their ideas for organizing libertarian communist federations was something of controversy amongst many in the anarchist movement. To combat the disarray the movement was in, they suggested forming a "General Union of Anarchists" based on four basic principles: theoretical unity, tactical unity, collective responsibility and federalism.
Theoretical Unity meant simply that if you don't agree with someone, don’t be in a political group with them! This doesn't mean that everyone has to agree all the time (they won't) but there does need to be a certain amount of ideological unity. Everyone being 'anarchists' or 'libertarian' isn’t enough. If half the group believe in class struggle while the other half don’t, then both sides would benefit from having two smaller groups rather than one big group which spent all its time arguing.
Tactical Unity meant that the members of an organization should struggle together as an organised force rather than as individuals. Once a strategy has been agreed by the collective, all members should work towards ensuring its success saving resources and time concentrating in a common direction.
Collective Responsibility meant "the entire Union will be responsible for the political and revolutionary activity of each member; in the same way, each member will be responsible for the political and revolutionary activity of the Union." This means that each member should take part in the collective decision-making process and respect the decisions of the collective.
Federalism is an organizational structure based on "the free agreement of individuals and organizations to work collectively towards a common objective". All decisions are made by those effected by them as opposed to centralism, where decisions are made by a central committee for those effected by them.
Though Platformism had a shaky start with many prominent anarchists denouncing them as trying to 'Bolshevize' anarchism, it has now been taken on by many libertarian communist groups across the world such as the Workers' Solidarity Movement in Ireland, Northeastern Federation of Anarchist-Communists in North America and the Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Federation in South Africa.
- Organizational Platform of the Libertarian Communists, Dielo Trouda
- Plate-forme D'organisation Des Communistes Libertaires, Dielo Trouda
- Reply To The Platform (Sythesist), Several Russian Anarchists
- Reply To Anarchism's Confusionists, Dielo Trouda
- The Problem of Organization and the Notion of Synthesis, Dielo Trouda
- A Project of Anarchist Organisation, Errico Malatesta
- About the Platform, Nestor Makhno
- A Reply to Makhno, Errico Malatesta
- The Old and New in Anarchism, Peter Arshinov
- On Collective Responsibility, Errico Malatesta
- Supplement To The Organizational Platform (Questions And Answers), Dielo Trouda
- Organization and Party, Maria Isidine
- Elements Old And New In Anarchism: A Reply To Maria Isidine, Peter Arshinov
- About A Project For Anarchist Organization, Luigi Fabbri
- Italy and the Platform: Italian Involvement in the Debate on the 'Organizational Platform', Nestor McNab (FdCA)
- Italy: Anarchist Communist Manifesto (1927), First Italian Section of the International Anarchist Communist Federation
- Platform of the Federation of Anarchist Communists of Bulgaria (1945), FAKB
- AWA: Where We Go From Here (1975), AWA
- Who Were The 'Friends of Durruti'?
- Towards a Fresh Revolution by the 'Friends of Durruti'
- Jaime Balius' Rebuttal to Accusations of Marxism
- Revolutionary Message of the 'Friends of Durruti'
- More on the Spanish Revolution
- Platformisn and the Spanish Anarchist Movement, Jered Fisher (FNAC)
Organizational Platform of Libertarian Communists
Friends of Durruti
Manifesto of Libertarian Communism
Manifeste du communisme libertaire
- The Anarchist Platform, WSM/WSF
- Plate-forme anarchiste, WSM/WSF
- What Does the Platform Offer to Anarchists Today, WSM
- The Platform: What's In It?, WSM
- Platformist Groups Today, WSM
- The Role of the Anarchist Organization, WSM
- The Role of the Revolutionary Organization in the Class Struggle, Bikisha Media Collective
- Revolutionary Anarchism and the Anti-Globalization Movement, Bikisha Media Collective
- The Need of Our Own Project: On The Importance of a Program in the Libertarian Political Organization, OSL
- Chile: Anarcho-Communist Organization and the Needs of the Present, CUAC
- The Problems Posed by the Concrete Class Struggle and Popular Organisation, OCL
- Revolutionary Anarchism and Political Parties: Mexican Anarchists on the Role of the Anarchist Organisation, Alianza Comunista Libertaria
- Southern African Anarchist-Communist Federation Founded, ZACF
- Ireland: Platformism in Action, WSM
- Irlande: le plateformisme en action, WSM
- The Communist Origins of Anarchism, FdCA
- Anarchist Communism and Mass Organizations, FdCA
- Up to the Transitional Period: Basic Strategy Document of FdCA, FdCA
- Organizational Platform of Libertarian Communists: History and Analysis, Barikad Collective
- FIVE WAVES: A History of Revolutionary Anarchist Communist Mass Organizational Theory & Practice, Michael Schmidt, Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Federation (Southern Africa)
- Anarchist Accountability, Thomas, Miami Autonomy & Solidarity (MAS)
- Especifismo: The Anarchist Praxis of Building Popular Movements and Revolutionary Organization in South America, Adam Weaver
- The Social Question: Latin American Anarchism and "Social Insertion", ZACF
- Declaración de Principios de Federacion Anarquista Uruguaya, FAU
Common Struggle Writings on Platformism
- The Question Of The Revolutionary Anarchist Organization: A Common Struggle Position Paper
- As Far As Organization Goes: We Are Platformists, Nicolas Phebus (La Nuit)
- The Platform: It's Not Just For Platformists Anymore, Jeff Shantz & P.J. Lilley (NEFAC-Toronto)
- Collective Responsibility: A Two-Fold Issue, Mujo (Bete Noire)
- BOOK REVIEW: Organizational Platform of Libertarian Communists, Mick Black & Jessica
- Towards The Creation Of An Anarchist Movement, Beggar (Class Against Class)
- Anti-Capitalism and Organization: An Interview with Jeff Shantz, Upping The Anti
- We Learn As We Walk: Looking Back on Five Years of NEFAC, Nicolas Phebus
The Global Influence of Platformism and Especifismo
- Workers Solidarity Movement (Ireland)
- Anarchist Federation (Britain & Ireland)
- Alternative Libertaire (France) - Version française
- Federazione dei Comunist Anarchici (Italy)
- Organizace Revolucnich Anarchistu-Solidarita (Czech Republic)
- Bikisha Media Collective (South Africa)
- Federacao Anarquista Gaucha (Brazil)
- Congreso de Unificacion Anarco-Comunista (Chile)
- Al Badil al Taharouri (Lebanon)
- Organisation Communiste Libertaire (France)
- Federacion Anarquista Uruguaya (Uruguay)
- Zabalaza Anarchist Communist Federation (South Africa)
- Organisation Socialiste Libertaire (Switzerland)
- Laboratorio de Estudos Libertarios (Brazil)
- Organizacion Socialista Libertaria (Argentina)
- Coletivo Comunista Anarquista (Brazil)
"It is time for anarchism to leave the swamp of disorganization, to put an end to endless vacillations on the most important tactical and theoretical questions, to resolutely move towards a clearly recognized goal, and to operate an organized collective practice"